教育资金是否只应该投给科学型项目 Money for postgraduate research is limited. Some people, therefore, think that financial support from government should be only provided for scientific research rather than research for less useful subjects. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?
Now, it is widely held that in terms of the confined scientific funding, the government should give priorities to research for "hard sciences" over "soft sciences". Personally, I think this assertion fails to grasp the values of these seemingly less fruitful subjects, and my reasons would be listed as below. Admittedly, there is a necessity for the government to keep the primary investment into scientific research, for whose breakthroughs can make practical contributions to our society. To begin with, with more financial aid from the government to be used in the medical research, human beings will profit much from it. Indeed, a new breed of medicine needs to be experimented many times prior to being introduced to and benefiting us. Without money, experiments are hard to be proceeded. In addition, it is obvious that funds used in technology may contribute to the improvement of our living standard. For instance, the inventions of air conditioners, fridges, and air planes have made our life more convenient than before, again by thousands of experiments which also cost much money. However, I strongly believe that so-called less-valuable subjects deserve the funding too, because they are the foundation of practical subjects. Obviously, there is no denying that mathematics, a typical theoretical course, is the basis of the science of computer, chemistry, physics, medication and engineering, because the former can provide basic calculating methods, ways of data record and analysis, formulas and testing tools which substantially support the studying of the latter subjects . In other words, with ignorance of mathematics, students would fail to find the doorway of scientific research. Besides, seemingly pointless and impractical courses in university have proved to provide life-long values to all students. Specifically, philosophy equips students with critical thinking, which instructs them to make wise decisions and judgments in daily life. Similarly, through history learning, a student can obtain precious lessons and social experience to avoid repeating the same mistakes happening in the past. Law courses also instill students with social morals and rules, which enables them to be law-abiding, with the ability of distinguishing the right from the wrong. That is to say, under this function of university, a new generation can grow up into maturity and independence fully, and make positive contributions to social civilization. Consequently, by being educated with theoretical courses, students can turn into eligible citizens. To sum up, I agree that the research on science deserves to be paid more attention and money. However, it does not mean that the other subjects should not be funded at all. I propose that limited budget allocated more wisely and efficiently is the best way to achieve the balance.
1. Some people think that instead of preventing climate change, we need to find a way to live with it. Do you agree or disagree?
2. Some people think they have right to use as much fresh water as they want, while others believe governments should strictly control the use of fresh water as it is limited resource. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
3. Some people say the best way to solve the environmental problem is to raise the price of fuel, to what extent do you agree or disagree?
4. Government should make people responsible for looking after their own local environment. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
5. Some people believe that air travel should be prohibited as it causes pollution and uses up fuel resources. Do you agree or disagree with the statement? You should use your own experience to support your argument.
6. The development of technologies is causing environmental problems. Some people believe that the solution is for everyone to adopt a simpler way of life while others say that technologies can solve these problems. Discuss the both viewpoints and give your own opinion.
7. Fossil fuels are the main sources in many countries. But in some countries the use of alternative sources of energy is encouraged. Is it a positive or negative development?
8. Some people think it’s necessary to use animals for testing medicines intended for human use. Others, however, think it’s not right to do that. Discuss both views and give you own opinion.
9. Human activities have negative effects on plants and animal species. Some people think that it is too late to do anything about this problem. Other people believe that effective measures can be taken to improve this situation. Discuss both views and give your own opinions.
10. Nowadays，full-time university students tend to focus on their studying. Some people think it is essential for university students to be involved in other activities. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
11. We have three important parts of education reading, writing and Math. Some people think every child will benefit from a fourth skill added to the list: computer skills. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
12. Not enough students choose science subjects in universities in many countries. What are the reasons and what are the effects to the society?
13. Some people think that older school children should learn a wide range of subjects to acquire more knowledge, while other people believe they should learn a small number of subjects in details. Discuss both views and give your opinions.
14. Some people think that all young people should be required to have full-time education until they are at least 18 years old. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
1. In some countries, governments are encouraging industries and businesses to move out of large cities and into regional areas. Do you think the advantages of this development outweigh its disadvantages?
2. Thanks to the development of air travel and telecommunication, contacts between different parts of the world have developed quickly. To what extent do you think societies benefit from the increased contact and closer relationship with foreigners brought about by international business and tourism?
3. Some people think that in this modern world people are getting dependent on each other, while others think the modern world gets people more independent on each other. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
4. Some people believe famous people's support towards international aid organizations draws the attention to problems, while others think celebrities make the problems less important. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
5. People can live and work anywhere they want to choose because of improved communication technology and transport. Do the advantages of this development outweigh disadvantages?
6. Some people believe that young people who commit serious crimes should be punished in the same way as adults. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
7. In some countries, more and more adults choose to continue to live with their parents after they graduate and have found jobs. Do the advantages of this trend outweigh its disadvantages?
8. Some people believe the purpose of education is to prepare people to be useful members for society. Others say that the purpose of education is to achieve personal ambitions. Discuss both viewpoints.