题型 填空 10
在农场找暑期兼职工作，有fruit picking，packaging 两种工作，中介绍了每种工作的要求和工资
2.需要的技能：can use a ladder
3.can work under hot condition
4. must have good concentration
6. cannot work it if it in raining
7. Packaging 工资：$13.75 per hour
8. 最忙的时间 January(有两个干扰分别是二月和十一月)
场次 20160813 2011097 20110813 20100520 20091205 2006
题型 填空 4 单选 2 配对 4
内容概述 关于 mitchell island 的 travelling advice
1. 可以坐什么交通工具到小岛上? A
A. plane B. ferry C. hovercraft C. hover craft 为干扰项是，但是他又说这个项目被取消了还是怎么了，所以 不能选。
2. 第二个选择题是问坐出租车需要彭彭提请注意什么?选 B.
A. uncomfortable B. unroadworth C. unregistered
3-6.是 Matching 题，要求分别把 E-east coast;N-north coast;W-west coast 对
3. 第一个服务好像是什么餐饮之类的，self-cafeteria restaurant 这一项填 E
4. natural walk to amusing park，填 N
6. 第四个高尔夫课程 Golf Course，填 N
7. tropical diseases
8. 要带 bottles of water
9. snakes 原文：因为说是东海岸有危险动物，好像是例如西海岸的蛇
10. 岛上唯一有犯罪记录的是 monkeys 原文：这里唯一提到过的“犯罪”是谁干的，说是本地的猴子为了找食物。
场次 20160102 2012056
题型 填空 7 多选 3
1. check the accuracy of (reference)in the last section. one thing the teacher require student do accurately
2. need to give more(examples). another thing required by teacher
3. When will she give her presentation?(next seminar 吞音)
4. What will she do during the presentation? (explain the experiment)
5. By which date will she submit an abstract?(6th, November)tutor said the presentation should be ready on 3, Dec, (this date is not the answer for the test. Where to do presentation)
6. Where does the presentation take place? (in chemistry lab) (首先提到 computer room 作为干扰)
7. Who will grade her presentation?(the professor) (首先说到 first one by tutor, 然后说 this one by professor)
Circle three subjects she will choose in next term ?
8. A. communication skills
9. C. intercourse analysis
10. F. psycholinguistics
其他选项有 B. language and society,
场次 20110109 20110219 20090115 2008
题型 填空 6 流程图 4
1. High level of salts makes bore water unsafe to drink.
2. SW10 makes the bore water clean it can be used in hospitals
3. SW10 can work effectively but sometimes it is quite slow
4. They want to get money from an agency called Health International
5. SW10 can provide a maximum output of 9 litres on a sunny day.
6. Each SW10 can support the water use of a family
7.盖子 is made of glass
8. SW10 和水平面的夹角是 12.5°
9 UV radiation 紫外线 can destroy germs
10. 一个管子滴水到一个圆心的桶里，这个桶叫什么?water collection tank
How do you feel about advertisements?
I would say I enjoy some of them coz they are creative and stimulating.But it‟s true that When we watch TV, most of them always disturb the fun of enjoying the programs. Besides the information they bring us always are misleading.
What kinds of birthday gifts do you like to receive?
I'd like to receive some intellectual gifts, such as electronic dictionary, notebook computer and so on.
Do you think flowers are important?
Definitely, flowers are essential to our life. I can't imagine life without these lovely flowers. They can decorate our rooms, making our life more colorful.
Which/What is your favorite flower?
I have a thing for lily. Coz lily always reminds me of graceful and elegant ladies. I was thrilled when receiving a bunch of lilies from my boyfriend on our anniversary day.
What was the first school you attended?
The first school I attended was preschool.
Why did you choose this university/school?
Because this is a famous university, I can have access to many advanced teaching and research facilities, which provide me with a wonderful opportunity to get better education.
What kinds of gifts are popular in your country?
I think for Chinese people, It's common to send each other tea as gifts. Especially the longjin tea, which is world-famous.
文章题目 Living with uncertainty
重复年份 20160109A 20140515
题型 判断 7+简答 6
澳洲的气候变化无常，所以那里的生物需要很强的应变能力。有一种 P 鸟可以知道什么地方什么时候下雨，可以提前飞去找水喝。当地人为了狩猎把森林烧掉，另一种要吃 salt bush 的鸟就因此灭绝了。欧洲人来了之后大量种植 wheat，Emu 喜欢吃，所以繁殖很快。
1.Aboriginal 做了什么来方便他们打猎 lit fire
2. G 鸟灭绝的原因：salt bush
3. Emu 吃 wheat
重复年份 20160109B 20120728
Basically trade means exchange of goods, services, or both. Trade is also called commerce. The actual face of trade was barter, which was the direct exchange of goods and services. Today traders generally negotiate through a medium of exchange, like money, which then makes buying separate from selling, or earning. The invention of money has made trade simpler. Trade between two traders is called bilateral trade, while trade between more than two traders is called multilateral trade. Trade exists for many reasons. It can be due to specialization and division of labor.
Trade exists between regions because different regions have a comparative advantage in the production of some tradable commodity, or because different regions' size helps getting benefits of mass production.
History of Trade:
Trade originated in prehistoric times. It was the main facility of prehistoric people, who bartered goods and services from each other when modern money was never even thought of. Peter Watson dates the history of long-distance commerce from circa 150,000 years ago.
Trade is believed to have taken place throughout much of recorded human history. Materials used for the creation of jewelry were traded with Egypt since 3000 BC. Long-distance trade routes first appeared in the 3rd millennium BC, by the Sumerians in Mesopotamia when they traded with the Harappan civilization of the Indus Valley. Trading is greatly important to the global economy. From the very beginning of Greek civilization to the fall of the Roman Empire in the 5th century, a financially worthwhile trade brought valuable spice to Europe from the Far East, including China.
The fall of the Roman Empire, and the succeeding Dark Ages brought insecurity to Western Europe and a near end of the trade network. However some trade did occur, the Radhanites were a medieval group of Jewish merchants who traded between the Christians in Europe and the Muslims of the Near East.
The Sogdians ruled the East-West trade route known as the Silk Road from the end 4th century AD to the 8th century AD.
The Vikings and Varangians also traded from the 8th to the 11th century as they sailed from and to Scandinavia. Vikings sailed to Western Europe, while Varangians to Russia.
Vasco da Gama restarted the European Spice trade in 1498. Earlier to his sailing around Africa, the flow of spice into Europe was controlled by Islamic powers, especially Egypt. The spice trade was of major economic importance and helped encourage the Age of Exploration. Spices brought to Europe from distant lands were some of the most valuable commodities for their weight, sometimes rivaling gold.
In the 16th century, Holland was the centre of free trade, imposing no exchange controls, and advocating the free movement of goods.
In 1776, Adam Smith published the paper "An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations". This paper criticized Mercantilism, and argued that economic specialization could benefit nations just as much as firms. Since that time the division of labor was restricted by the size of the market, he said that countries having access to larger markets would be able to divide labor more efficiently and thereby become more productive.
The Great Depression was a major economic collapse that ran from 1929 to the late 1930s. There was a great setback in trade and other economic indicators during this period.
The lack of free trade was considered by many as a root cause of the depression. Only during the World War II the recession ended in United States.
26. 蚂蚁和真菌(2013.5.18, 2012.4.28)
教育资金是否只应该投给科学型项目 Money for postgraduate research is limited. Some people, therefore, think that financial support from government should be only provided for scientific research rather than research for less useful subjects. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?
Now, it is widely held that in terms of the confined scientific funding, the government should give priorities to research for "hard sciences" over "soft sciences". Personally, I think this assertion fails to grasp the values of these seemingly less fruitful subjects, and my reasons would be listed as below. Admittedly, there is a necessity for the government to keep the primary investment into scientific research, for whose breakthroughs can make practical contributions to our society. To begin with, with more financial aid from the government to be used in the medical research, human beings will profit much from it. Indeed, a new breed of medicine needs to be experimented many times prior to being introduced to and benefiting us. Without money, experiments are hard to be proceeded. In addition, it is obvious that funds used in technology may contribute to the improvement of our living standard. For instance, the inventions of air conditioners, fridges, and air planes have made our life more convenient than before, again by thousands of experiments which also cost much money. However, I strongly believe that so-called less-valuable subjects deserve the funding too, because they are the foundation of practical subjects. Obviously, there is no denying that mathematics, a typical theoretical course, is the basis of the science of computer, chemistry, physics, medication and engineering, because the former can provide basic calculating methods, ways of data record and analysis, formulas and testing tools which substantially support the studying of the latter subjects . In other words, with ignorance of mathematics, students would fail to find the doorway of scientific research. Besides, seemingly pointless and impractical courses in university have proved to provide life-long values to all students. Specifically, philosophy equips students with critical thinking, which instructs them to make wise decisions and judgments in daily life. Similarly, through history learning, a student can obtain precious lessons and social experience to avoid repeating the same mistakes happening in the past. Law courses also instill students with social morals and rules, which enables them to be law-abiding, with the ability of distinguishing the right from the wrong. That is to say, under this function of university, a new generation can grow up into maturity and independence fully, and make positive contributions to social civilization. Consequently, by being educated with theoretical courses, students can turn into eligible citizens. To sum up, I agree that the research on science deserves to be paid more attention and money. However, it does not mean that the other subjects should not be funded at all. I propose that limited budget allocated more wisely and efficiently is the best way to achieve the balance.
1. Some people think that instead of preventing climate change, we need to find a way to live with it. Do you agree or disagree?
2. Some people think they have right to use as much fresh water as they want, while others believe governments should strictly control the use of fresh water as it is limited resource. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
3. Some people say the best way to solve the environmental problem is to raise the price of fuel, to what extent do you agree or disagree?
4. Government should make people responsible for looking after their own local environment. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
5. Some people believe that air travel should be prohibited as it causes pollution and uses up fuel resources. Do you agree or disagree with the statement? You should use your own experience to support your argument.
6. The development of technologies is causing environmental problems. Some people believe that the solution is for everyone to adopt a simpler way of life while others say that technologies can solve these problems. Discuss the both viewpoints and give your own opinion.
7. Fossil fuels are the main sources in many countries. But in some countries the use of alternative sources of energy is encouraged. Is it a positive or negative development?
8. Some people think it’s necessary to use animals for testing medicines intended for human use. Others, however, think it’s not right to do that. Discuss both views and give you own opinion.
9. Human activities have negative effects on plants and animal species. Some people think that it is too late to do anything about this problem. Other people believe that effective measures can be taken to improve this situation. Discuss both views and give your own opinions.
10. Nowadays，full-time university students tend to focus on their studying. Some people think it is essential for university students to be involved in other activities. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
11. We have three important parts of education reading, writing and Math. Some people think every child will benefit from a fourth skill added to the list: computer skills. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
12. Not enough students choose science subjects in universities in many countries. What are the reasons and what are the effects to the society?
13. Some people think that older school children should learn a wide range of subjects to acquire more knowledge, while other people believe they should learn a small number of subjects in details. Discuss both views and give your opinions.
14. Some people think that all young people should be required to have full-time education until they are at least 18 years old. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
1. In some countries, governments are encouraging industries and businesses to move out of large cities and into regional areas. Do you think the advantages of this development outweigh its disadvantages?
2. Thanks to the development of air travel and telecommunication, contacts between different parts of the world have developed quickly. To what extent do you think societies benefit from the increased contact and closer relationship with foreigners brought about by international business and tourism?
3. Some people think that in this modern world people are getting dependent on each other, while others think the modern world gets people more independent on each other. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
4. Some people believe famous people's support towards international aid organizations draws the attention to problems, while others think celebrities make the problems less important. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
5. People can live and work anywhere they want to choose because of improved communication technology and transport. Do the advantages of this development outweigh disadvantages?
6. Some people believe that young people who commit serious crimes should be punished in the same way as adults. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
7. In some countries, more and more adults choose to continue to live with their parents after they graduate and have found jobs. Do the advantages of this trend outweigh its disadvantages?
8. Some people believe the purpose of education is to prepare people to be useful members for society. Others say that the purpose of education is to achieve personal ambitions. Discuss both viewpoints.