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雅思听力模拟题

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International English Language Testing System


Listening

                           

Practice test                        40 minutes


Time            40 minutes


Instructions to candidates


Do not open this question paper until you are told to do so.

Write your name and candidate number in the spaces at the top of this page.

Listen to the instructions for each part of the paper carefully.

Answer all the questions.

While you are listening, write your answers on the question paper.

You will have 10 minutes at the end of the test to copy your answers onto the separate

answer sheet. Use a pencil.

At the end of the test, hand in this question paper.


Information for candidates


There are four parts to the test.

You will hear each part once only.

There are 40 questions.

Each question carries one mark.


For each part of the test, there will be time for you to look through the questions and time

for you to check your answers.


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Section 1     Questions 1–10


Questions 1–5

Complete the notes below.

Write no more than two words and/or a number for each answer.

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Questions 6–10

Complete the table below.

Write no more than one word and/or a number for each answer.

QQ截图20180420163854.png



Section 2       Questions 11–20


Questions 11–14

Which counsellor should you see?

Write the correct letter, A, B or C, next to questions 11–14.

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11 if it is your first time seeing a counsellor

12 if you are unable to see a counsellor during normal office hours

13 if you do not have an appointment

14 if your concerns are related to anxiety


Questions 15–20

Complete the table below.

Write no more than two words for each answer.


QQ截图20180420164134.png


Section 3 Questions 21–30


Questions 21–30

Complete the notes below.

Write no more than three words for each answer.


Novel: 21 …………………

Protagonists: Mary Lennox; Colin Craven

Time period: Early in 22 …………………

Plot: Mary → UK – meets Colin who thinks he’ll never be able to

23 ………………… . They become friends.

Point of view: “Omniscient” – narrator knows all about characters’ feelings,

opinions and 24 …………………

Audience: Good for children – story simple to follow

Symbols (physical items that represent 25 …………………):

• the robin redbreast

26 …………………

• the portrait of Mistress Craven

Motifs (patterns in the story):

• the Garden of Eden

• secrecy – metaphorical and literal transition from 27 …………………

Themes: Connections between

28 ………………… and outlook

29 ………………… and well-being

• individuals and the need for 30 …………………


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Section 4 Questions 31–40


Questions 31–35

Complete the table below.

Write one word only for each answer.


QQ截图20180420164134.png


Questions 36–40

Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.


36 We are all present hedonists

A at school

B at birth

C while eating and drinking


37 American boys drop out of school at a higher rate than girls because

A they need to be in control of the way they learn

B they play video games instead of doing school work

C they are not as intelligent as girls


38 Present-orientated children

A do not realise present actions can have negative future effects

B are unable to learn lessons from past mistakes

C know what could happen if they do something bad, but do it anyway


39 If Americans had an extra day per week, they would spend it

A working harder

B building relationships

C sharing family meals


40 Understanding how people think about time can help us

A become more virtuous

B work together better

C identify careless or ambitious people


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Transcript


Narrator:


Test 1

You will hear a number of different recordings and you will have to answer questions on

what you hear. There will be time for you to read the instructions and questions and you

will have a chance to check your work. All the recordings will be played once only. The

test is in 4 sections. At the end of the test you will be given 10 minutes to transfer your

answers to an answer sheet. Now turn to section 1.


Section 1

You will hear a conversation between a clerk at the enquiries desk of a transport

company and a man who is asking for travel information. First you have some time to

look at questions 1 to 5.

[20 seconds]

You will see that there is an example that has been done for you. On this occasion only

the conversation relating to this will be played first.


Woman: Good morning, Travel Link. How can I help you?

Man: Good morning. I live in Bayswater and I’d like to get to Harbour City

tomorrow before 11am.

Woman: Well, to get to Bayswater …

Man: No, no. I live in Bayswater – my destination is Harbour City.

Woman: Sorry. Right; so that’s Bayswater to Harbour City. Are you planning to

travel by bus or train?


Narrator:

The man wants to go to Harbour City, so Harbour City has been written in the space.

Now we shall begin. You should answer the questions as you listen because you will not

hear the recording a second time. Listen carefully and answer questions 1 to 5.


Woman: Good morning, Travel Link. How can I help you?

Man: Good morning. I live in Bayswater and I’d like to get to Harbour City

tomorrow before 11am.

Woman: Well, to get to Bayswater …

Man: No, no. I live in Bayswater – my destination is Harbour City.

Woman: Sorry. Right; so that’s Bayswater to Harbour City. Are you planning to

travel by bus or train?

Man: I don’t mind really, whichever option is faster, I suppose.

Woman: Well, if you catch a railway express, that’ll get you there in under

an hour … Let’s see – yes, if you can make the 9.30am express, I’d

recommend you do that.

Man: Great. Which station does that leave from?

Woman: Helendale is the nearest train station to you.

Man: Did you say Helensvale?

woman: No, Helendale – that’s H-E-L-E-N-D-A-L-E

Man: What’s the best way to get to the Helendale station then?

Woman: Well, hang on a minute while I look into that … Now, it seems to me that

you have two options. Option one would be to take the 706 bus from the

Bayswater Shopping Centre to Central Street. When you get there, you

transfer to another bus which will take you to the station. Or, the second

option, if you don’t mind walking a couple of kilometres, is to go directly

to Central Street and get straight on the bus going to the train station.

Man: Okay. Which bus is that?

Woman: The 792 will take you to the station.

Man: I guess the walk will be good for me so that might be the better option.

What time do I catch the 792?

Woman: There are two buses that should get you to the station on time: one just

before nine o’clock and one just after. But look, at that time of the

morning it might be better to take the earlier one just in case there’s a

traffic jam or something. The 8.55 is probably safer than the 9.05.

Man: Yeah, I don’t want to the miss the train, so I’ll be sure to get on the five-

to-nine bus.


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Narrator:

Before you hear the rest of the conversation, you have some time to look at questions 6

to 10.

[20 seconds]

Now listen and answer questions 6 to 10.


Man: By the way, how much will I have to pay in fares?

Woman: Well, you can get a ticket on the bus for $1.80 cash and you’ll need $10

each way for the train. Wait, do you have a Travel Link Card?

Man: No, but I can get one before tomorrow.

Woman: Okay, well that’ll make it considerably cheaper then. The bus will cost

$1.50 each way, and the train will be – the train to Harbour City will …

still cost $10.00 because you’ll be travelling during peak hours in the

morning, so no savings there, I’m afraid. However, if you could come

back at an off-peak time …

Man: What does that mean?

Woman: Well, if you could start your return journey before 5pm or later than half

past 7 in the evening …

Man: Actually, I wasn’t planning on coming back till at least 8 o’clock anyway.

Woman: In that case, you can make quite a saving if you use your Travel Link

Card. You did say you were planning to purchase one, didn’t you?

Man: Yes, I’ll pick one up later today.

Woman: Good – that would mean that your return train journey would only cost

you $7.15 with your card.

Man: Thank you.

Woman: Is there anything else I can help you with?

Man: Actually, there is. Do you know if I can use the Travel Link Card on

ferries?

Woman: If you’re thinking of the Harbour City ferries that go back and forth

between the north and south bank, those are the commuter ferries, then

yes. A one-way trip costs $4.50 but with your card you’d make a 20%

saving and only pay $3.55.

Man: So, $3.55 for the commuter ferry …What about the tour boats?

Woman: You mean the tourist ferries that go upriver on sightseeing tours? No –

they only take cash or credit card. They’re not part of the Travel Link

Company.

Man: Oh, I see. I don’t suppose you know the cost of a tour?

Woman: In actual fact, I do, because I took a friend on the trip upriver just last

week. We decided on the afternoon tour and that was $35 each but I

understand that you can do the whole day for $65.

Man: Thank you. You’ve been a great help.

Woman: My pleasure. Enjoy your day out.

Narrator:

That is the end of section 1. You now have half a minute to check your answers.

[30 seconds]

Now turn to section 2.


Narrator: Section 2

You will hear a guidance counsellor talking to a group of students. First you have some

time to look at questions 11 to 14.

[20 seconds]

Listen carefully and answer questions 11 to 14.


Speaker:

Hello everyone. I’m the counselling administrator here at St. Ive’s College and

I’ve been asked to come and talk to you about our counselling team and the services

that we offer.

We have three professional counsellors here at St. Ives: Louise Bagshaw, Tony

Denby and Naomi Flynn. They each hold daily one-on-one sessions with students, but

which counsellor you see will depend on a number of factors.

If you’ve never used a counsellor before, then you should make an appointment

with Naomi Flynn. Naomi specialises in seeing new students and offers a preliminary

session where she will talk to you about what you can expect from counselling, followed

by some simple questions about what you would like to discuss. This can be really

helpful for students who are feeling a bit worried about the counselling process. Naomi is

also the best option for students who can only see a counsellor outside office hours. She

is not in on Mondays, but starts early on Wednesday mornings and works late on

Thursday evenings, so you can see her before your first class or after your last class on

those days.

Louise staffs our drop-in centre throughout the day. If you need to see someone

without a prior appointment then she is the one to visit. Please note that if you use this

service then Louise will either see you herself, or place you with the next available

counsellor. If you want to be sure to see the same counsellor on each visit, then we

strongly recommend you make an appointment ahead of time. You can do this at

reception during office hours or by using our online booking form.

Tony is our newest addition to the counselling team. He is our only male

counsellor and he has an extensive background in stress management and relaxation

techniques. We encourage anyone who is trying to deal with anxiety to see him. Tony

will introduce you to a full range of techniques to help you cope with this problem such

as body awareness, time management and positive reinforcement.


Narrator:

Before you hear the rest of the talk, you have some time to look at questions 15 to 20.

[20 seconds]

Now listen and answer questions 15 to 20.


Speaker:

Each semester the counselling team runs a number of small group workshops.

These last for two hours and are free to all enrolled students.

Our first workshop is called Adjusting. We’ve found that tertiary education can

come as a big shock for some people. After the structured learning environment of

school, it is easy to feel lost. In this workshop, we will introduce you to what is necessary

for academic success. As you might expect, we’re targeting first-year students with this

offering.

Getting organised follows on from the first workshop. Here, we’re going to help

you break the habit of putting things off, get the most out of your time and discover the

right balance between academic and recreational activities. With Getting organised,

we’re catering to a broader crowd, which includes all undergraduates and

postgraduates.

Next up is a workshop called Communicating. The way people interact here may

be quite different to what you’re used to, especially if you’ve come from abroad. We’ll

cover an area that many foreign students struggle with – how to talk with teachers and

other staff. We’ll cover all aspects of multicultural communication. International students

tend to get a lot out of this class, so we particularly encourage you to come along, but I

must say that sometimes students from a local background find it helpful too. So,

everyone is welcome!

The Anxiety workshop is held later on in the year and deals with something you

will all be familiar with – the nerves and anxiety that come when exams are approaching.

Many students go through their entire academic careers suffering like this, but you don’t

have to. Come to this workshop and we’ll teach you all about relaxation and how to

breathe properly, as well as meditation and other strategies to remain calm. We’ve

tailored this workshop to anyone who is going to sit exams.

Finally, we have the Motivation workshop. The big topic here is how to stay on

target and motivated during long-term research projects. This workshop is strictly for

research students, as less-advanced students already have several workshops catering

to their needs.

Well, that’s it, thanks for your time. If you have any questions or want more

information about our services, do come and see us at the Counselling Service.

Narrator:

That is the end of section 2. You now have half a minute to check your answers.

[30 seconds]

Now turn to section 3.


Narrator: Section 3

You will hear a conversation between a tutor and two students who are preparing for an

English literature test. First you have some time to look at questions 21 to 24.

[20 seconds]

Listen carefully and answer questions 21 to 24


Tutor: Hello Lorna, Ian. Glad you could make it. You’re the only two who put

your names down for this literature tutorial so let’s get started, shall we? I

want to run over some aspects of the novel, The Secret Garden, with you

before the test next week. Be sure to take some notes and ask questions

if you need to.

Ian: Hey Lorna, have you got a spare pen?

Lorna: Sure, here you are.

Tutor: Okay, so, the story follows two key characters – you should refer to them

as protagonists – who go by the names of Mary Lennox and Colin

Craven. The story is set shortly after the turn of the twentieth century, and

the narrative tracks the development of the protagonists as they learn to

overcome their own personal troubles together.

Lorna: That’s quite a common storyline, isn’t it?

Tutor: Yes, you’re right, Lorna. So, what can you tell me about the character of

Mary?

Lorna: Well, in the beginning she is an angry, rude child who is orphaned after a

cholera outbreak and forced to leave India and move to the United

Kingdom to her uncle’s house in Yorkshire.

Tutor: That’s right – and there she meets Colin who spends his days in an

isolated room, believing himself to be permanently crippled with no hope

of ever gaining the ability to walk. The two strike up a friendship and

gradually learn – by encouraging each other – that they can both become

healthy, happy and fulfilled in life.

Ian: Will we need to remember a lot of these details for the exam?

Tutor: Just the basic outline. Examiners don’t want to read a plot summary –

they know what the book is about. Focus on narrative techniques instead,

such as point of view.

Lorna: What’s that mean?

Tutor: It’s all about how we see the story. This story, for example, is written from

the perspective of what is called an “omniscient narrator”. Omniscient

means all-knowing. So, as readers we get to see how all the characters

feel about things, what they like and don’t like, and what their motivations

are in the story.


Narrator:

Before you hear the rest of the conversation, you have some time to look at questions 25

to 30.

[20 seconds]

Now listen and answer questions 25 to 30.


Ian: Won’t it be hard to write a technical analysis? After all, it’s a kids’ book.

Tutor: Well, it was initially pitched at adults you know, but over the years it has

become seen as a more youth-orientated work. And you’re right in a

sense – the simple vocabulary and absence of foreshadowing make the

story very easy to follow and ideally suited for children. But that doesn’t

mean there isn’t much to analyse. Look at the symbolism, for instance.

Lorna: Symbols are things, right? Material things – like objects – that stand for

abstract ideas.

Tutor: Absolutely, yes. And the author uses many of them. There’s the robin

redbreast, for example, which symbolises the wise and gentle nature that

Mary will soon adopt – note that the robin is described as “not at all like

the birds in India”. Roses are used as well – as a personal symbol for

Mistress Craven – you’ll see they’re always mentioned alongside her

name. And Mistress Craven’s portrait can also be interpreted as a symbol

of her spirit.

Ian: Are symbols just another name for motifs?

Tutor: No, motifs are a bit different. They don’t have as direct a connection with

something the way that a symbol does. Motifs are simply recurring

elements of the story that support the mood.

Lorna: Are there any in this novel?

Tutor: Yes, two very important ones. The Garden of Eden is a motif. It comes up

a few times in connection with the garden of the story. And then you’ve

got the role that secrets play in the story. In the beginning, everything is

steeped in secrecy, and slowly the characters share their secrets and in

the process move from darkness to lightness, metaphorically, but also in

the case of Colin, quite literally. His room in the beginning has the

curtains drawn, and he appears at the end in the brightness of the

garden.

Ian: Anything else we need to know about?

Tutor: Yes. Nearly all novels explore universal concepts that everyone has

experienced – things like love, family, loneliness, friendship. These are

called themes. The Secret Garden has a few themes that all centre on the

idea of connections. The novel explores, for example, the way that health

can determine and be determined by our outlook on life. As Colin’s health

improves, so too do his perceptions of his strength and possibility. The

author also examines the link between our environment and our physical

and emotional prosperity. The dark, cramped rooms of the manor house

stifle the development of our protagonists; the garden and natural

environments allow them to blossom, just as the flowers do. Finally, this

book looks at connections between individuals, namely Mary and Colin.

This necessity of human companionship is the novel’s most significant

theme – because none of their development as individuals would have

occurred without their knowing each other. Well, that about sums it up, I

think.

Lorna: That’s a great help, thanks.

Ian: Yes, thanks very much.

Narrator:

That is the end of section 3. You now have half a minute to check your answers.

[30 seconds]

Now turn to section 4.


Narrator: Section 4

You will hear a talk on the topic of time perspectives. First you have some time to look at

questions 31 to 40.

[20 seconds]

Listen carefully and answer questions 31 to 40.


Speaker:

Today, I’m going to be talking about time. Specifically I’ll be looking at how people think

about time, and how these time perspectives structure our lives. According to social

psychologists, there are six ways of thinking about time, which are called personal time

zones.

The first two are based in the past. Past positive thinkers spend most of their time in a

state of nostalgia, fondly remembering moments such as birthdays, marriages and

important achievements in their life. These are the kinds of people who keep family

records, books and photo albums. People living in the past negative time zone are also

absorbed by earlier times, but they focus on all the bad things – regrets, failures, poor

decisions. They spend a lot of time thinking about how life could have been.

Then, we have people who live in the present. Present hedonists are driven by pleasure

and immediate sensation. Their life motto is to have a good time and avoid pain. Present

fatalists live in the moment too, but they believe this moment is the product of

circumstances entirely beyond their control; it’s their fate. Whether it’s poverty, religion or

society itself, something stops these people from believing they can play a role in

changing their outcomes in life. Life simply “is” and that’s that.

Looking at the future time zone, we can see that people classified as future active are

the planners and go-getters. They work rather than play and resist temptation. Decisions

are made based on potential consequences, not on the experience itself. A second

future-orientated perspective, future fatalistic, is driven by the certainty of life after death

and some kind of a judgement day when they will be assessed on how virtuously they

have lived and what success they have had in their lives.

Okay, let’s move on. You might ask “how do these time zones affect our lives?” Well,

let’s start at the beginning. Everyone is brought into this world as a present hedonist. No

exceptions. Our initial needs and demands – to be warm, secure, fed and watered – all

stem from the present moment. But things change when we enter formal education –

we’re taught to stop existing in the moment and to begin thinking about future outcomes.

But, did you know that every nine seconds a child in the USA drops out of school? For

boys, the rate is much higher than for girls. We could easily say “Ah, well, boys just

aren’t as bright as girls” but the evidence doesn’t support this. A recent study states that

boys in America, by the age of twenty one, have spent 10,000 hours playing video

games. The research suggests that they’ll never fit in the traditional classroom because

these boys require a situation where they have the ability to manage their own learning

environment.

Now, let’s look at the way we do prevention education. All prevention education is aimed

at a future time zone. We say “don’t smoke or you’ll get cancer”, “get good grades or you

won’t get a good job”. But with present-orientated kids that just doesn’t work. Although

they understand the potentially negative consequences of their actions, they persist with

the behaviour because they’re not living for the future; they’re in the moment right now.

We can’t use logic and it’s no use reminding them of potential fall-out from their

decisions or previous errors of judgment – we’ve got to get in their minds just as they’re

about to make a choice.

Time perspectives make a big difference in how we value and use our time. When

Americans are asked how busy they are, the vast majority report being busier than ever

before. They admit to sacrificing their relationships, personal time and a good night’s

sleep for their success. Twenty years ago, 60% of Americans had sit-down dinners with

their families, and now only 20% do. But when they’re asked what they would do with an

eight-day week, they say “Oh that’d be great”. They would spend that time labouring

away to achieve more. They’re constantly trying to get ahead, to get toward a future

point of happiness.

So, it’s really important to be aware of how other people think about time. We tend to

think: “Oh, that person’s really irresponsible” or “That guy’s power hungry” but often what

we’re looking at is not fundamental differences of personality, but really just different

ways of thinking about time. Seeing these conflicts as differences in time perspective,

rather than distinctions of character, can facilitate more effective cooperation between

people and get the most out of each person’s individual strengths.


Narrator:

That is the end of section 4. You now have half a minute to check your answers.

[30 seconds]

That is the end of the listening test. You now have 10 minutes to transfer your answers

to the listening answer sheet.



Answers

SECTION 1

1. 9.30 (am)

2. Helendale

3. Central Street/St

4. (number/no./#) 792

5. 8.55 (am)

6. 1.80

7. 7.30

8. 7.15

9. commuter

10. afternoon

SECTION 2

11. C

12. C

13. A

14. B

15. first/1st year

16. (right) balance

17. international/foreign (students)

18. relaxation

19. motivation

20. research/advanced

SECTION 3

21. The Secret Garden

22. (the) 20th/twentieth century

23. walk

24. motivations/motivation

25. abstract ideas

26. roses

27. dark(ness) to light(ness)

28. health

29. environment

30. human companionship

SECTION 4

31. negative

32. pleasure

33. poverty

34. active

35. success

36. B

37. A

38. C

39. A

40. B



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