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留学监理网独家发布!雅思阅读(培训类)模拟精讲(三)

2018-05-31 留学监理网

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各位考鸭,留学监理网老师为大家奉上雅思考试阅读(培训类)模拟题SECTION 2原文及答案解析一篇!(继SECTION 1)快来做题看解析吧!


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Reading


SECTION 2 Questions 15–28


Questions 15–21


The text on the next page has seven sections, A–G.


Choose the correct heading for each section from the list of headings below.


Write the correct number, i–x, in boxes 15–21 on your answer sheet.


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List of Headings


i How can reflection problems be avoided?


ii How long should I work without a break?


iii What if I experience any problems?


iv When is the best time to do filing chores?


v What makes a good seat?


vi What are the common health problems?


vii What is the best kind of lighting to have?


viii What are the roles of management and workers?


ix Why does a VDU create eye fatigue?


x Where should I place the documents?


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15 Section A

16 Section B

17 Section C

18 Section D

19 Section E

20 Section F

21 Section G


BENEFICIAL WORK PRACTICES FOR THE KEYBOARD

OPERATOR


A Sensible work practices are an important factor in the prevention of muscular

fatigue; discomfort or pain in the arms, neck, hands or back; or eye strain which can be

associated with constant or regular work at a keyboard and visual display unit (VDU).


B It is vital that the employer pays attention to the physical setting such as

workplace design, the office environment, and placement of monitors as well as the

organisation of the work and individual work habits. Operators must be able to recognise

work-related health problems and be given the opportunity to participate in the

management of these. Operators should take note of and follow the preventive

measures outlined below.


C The typist must be comfortably accommodated in a chair that is adjustable for

height with a back rest that is also easily adjustable both for angle and height. The back

rest and sitting ledge (with a curved edge) should preferably be cloth-covered to avoid

excessive perspiration.


D When the keyboard operator is working from a paper file or manuscript, it should

be at the same distance from the eyes as the screen. The most convenient position can

be found by using some sort of holder. Individual arrangement will vary according to

whether the operator spends more time looking at the VDU or the paper – whichever the

eyes are focused on for the majority of time should be put directly in front of the

operator.


E While keying, it is advisable to have frequent but short pauses of around thirty to

sixty seconds to proofread. When doing this, relax your hands. After you have been

keying for sixty minutes, you should have a ten minute change of activity. During this

spell it is important that you do not remain seated but stand up or walk around. This

period could be profitably used to do filing or collect and deliver documents.


F Generally, the best position for a VDU is at right angles to the window. If this is

not possible then glare from the window can be controlled by blinds, curtains or movable

screens. Keep the face of the VDU vertical to avoid glare from overhead lighting.


G Unsatisfactory work practices or working conditions may result in aches or pain.

Symptoms should be reported to your supervisor early on so that the cause of the

trouble can be corrected and the operator should seek medical attention.


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Answers(15-21)

15. vi

16. viii

17. v

18. x

19. ii

20. i

21. iii


答案解析:

Section A 主要概述discomfort or pain in the arms, neck, hands or back; or eye strain这些健康问题。


Section B 谈论employer和Operator应该做的事,即the roles of management and workers。


Section C 从a chair和a back rest可以得出该部分描述的是座位(seat)的问题。


Section D distance和The most convenient position都表明在描述放置所阅览文件的位置或眼睛离显示屏的距离。


Section E it is advisable to have frequent but short pauses of around thirty to sixty seconds to proofread和After you have been keying for sixty minutes, you should have a ten minute change of activity. 都表明在描述休息(break)的问题。


Section F 注意原文中的avoid glare from overhead lighting,尤其是overhead(头顶上的)这个词,是说如何避免reflection(倒影),vii What is the best kind of lighting to have?(什么是最好的光线)为干扰项,文中讲VDU(显示器)的位置要合适,否则会产生overhead lighting的问题,要Keep the face of the VDU vertical来避免overhead lighting,而不是在讲What is the best kind of lighting to have?

 

Section G Symptoms should be reported to your supervisor是说What if I experience any problems?


雅思考试阅读(学术类)部分共有三篇文章,考生需要回答40道题目。每一篇文章所需要回答的问题数量并不相同。每一道问题相对应一个分数。文章内容和题目均出现于试卷中。


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