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托福节气笔记:腊八节你应该知道的英文表达有哪些?

2018-03-14 留学监理网

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农历十二月初八是中国的传统节日——腊八节,在这一天做腊八粥、喝腊八粥是全国各地老百姓最传统的习俗。北京最古老的寺院潭柘寺每年都会在腊八这一天进行大规模的施粥活动。除了喝腊八粥,细心的托福备考的小伙伴可能会想,关于腊八节的英语表达有哪些?ok,今天咱们就来聊聊关于腊八节的常见英文表达。


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新闻原文:

Wednesday is the traditional Chinese “Laba Festival", celebrated on the 8th day of the last month of the Chinese lunar calendar. The event reminds people that the Spring Festival is just around the corner and is a day when eating porridge is not to be taken lightly.

The oldest temple in Beijing is embracing tradition by handing out free porridge. And despite the freezing temperature, crowds of people are swarming in, eager to sample the fare.

知识点总结:

Laba Festival:腊八,即农历十二月初八,古人有祭祀祖先和神灵、祈求丰收吉祥的传统,一些地区有喝腊八粥的习俗。相传这一天还是佛祖释迦牟尼成道之日,称为“法宝节”,是佛教盛大的节日之一。

the 8th day of the last month of the Chinese lunar calendar:阴历腊月初八

hand out the free porridge:施粥

swarm in:指人们蜂拥而入


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This porridge looks delicious. In China, it’s also called “eight-treasure porridge” as its ingredients include a nutritious mix ofglutinous rice, red beans and peanuts. Before it gets cold, let me have a try.

The traditional eight-treasure porridge has developed over the ages. The kind served here at the temple usually combines 13 different ingredients, based on the auspicious number inBuddhism. However, three more are suggested by Mr. Shen, a scholar of vegetarian culture from Taiwan.

知识点总结:

eight-treasure porridge:腊八粥

常见腊八粥食材英文表达:

glutinous rice 糯米,red bean 红豆,millet 小米,mung 绿豆,peanuts 花生,dried lotus seed 干莲子,dried date 干枣,almond 杏仁,oat 燕麦,buckwheat 荞麦

auspicious number in Buddhism:佛教中的幸运数字

auspicious:adj. 吉利的;幸运的,吉兆的

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"Tanzhe Temple invited me to consult them on vegetarian cooking. We add oats, wheat and buckwheat to make a healthier porridge, so followers will get more nutrition from it," scholar Shen Songmao said.

While some believe Laba porridge is related to sacrificial ritualsheld on this day by our ancestors, the temples have different versions. They say that enlightened Sakyamuni became Buddha on the eighth day of the last lunar month, or "Laba" in Chinese. Earlier, however, a shepherdess had saved him from fatigue and hungerwith a bowl of porridge. As time went by, the two celebrations were combined.

知识点总结:

sacrificial rituals:祭祀仪式

Sakyamuni:释迦牟尼。古印度宗教家,佛教的创立者。

fatigue and hunger:饥困交加

fatigue:n. / vi. 疲劳,劳累


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"I am a Buddhist. This morning I got up at five thirty and drove over 30 kilometers to get here. Besides being a tradition, it’s also a time to pray for blessings for family and friends."

However, most people crowding into the temple are not Buddhists, but simply visitors. They have travelled to the western suburbs of Beijing to take in the nice scenery, and of course the porridge.

"Three of my family members and my neighbors came together this morning. I want my son to experience the traditional celebration here. It’s also a blessing for the coming new year."

According to the organizer, they have been preparing for this event for a month. It has taken 10 hours to just to cook the porridge, all the ingredients donated by Buddhist followers.

知识点总结:

pray for blessings:祈福

Buddhist follower:佛教信徒


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"We have cooked almost 30 big barrels of porridge for this Laba festival, not only for visitors. After this event here, we will take porridge to elderly people at nursing homes and give them blessings for the coming year," said Shao Xiguo, manager of Tanzhe Temple Admin Office.

A bowl of porridge stands for the benevolence of giving. And although it’s a thousand years old, this Chinese tradition is still going strong, bringing happiness in the form of tasty hot porridge during the chilly winter season.

知识点总结:

nursing home:养老院

benevolence:n. 慈悲,善举,捐献

chilly winter: 寒冬

寒冷的表达不只有cold,文章第一段还出现了freezing。除此之外,nippy(冷飕飕的)和frigid(极寒的、寒冷的)可以用来表达不同程度的寒冷。

>>>托福好句积累:花雪随风不厌看,更多还肯失林峦 


经过上面的新闻知识点总结,相信大家如果在托福考试中遇到关于腊八节的英语表达,一定会对答如流的。下面留学监理网的小编再为大家奉上一篇关于腊八节的英语作文,供大家参考。


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托福写作积累——腊八节

The Laba Festival, the day in most parts of China have the custom of eating Laba porridge. Laba is a harvest year with eight fresh food and fruits boiled, usually for the sweet porridge. The Central Plains have many farmers prefer salty to eat Laba porridge, porridge in addition to rice, millet, mung bean, cowpea, peanut, jujube and other raw materials, but also add pork, radish, cabbage, vermicelli, seaweed, tofu and so on.

腊八节这天我国大多数地区都有吃腊八粥的习俗。腊八粥是用八种当年收获的新鲜粮食和瓜果煮成,一般都为甜味粥。而中原地区的许多农家却喜欢吃腊八咸粥,粥内除大米、小米、绿豆、豇豆、花生、大枣等原料外,还要加肉丝、萝卜、白菜、粉条、海带、豆腐等。

Laba Festival, the original ancient harvest celebrations, thanks to ancestors and gods (including the goalkeeper, household God, house of God, Kitchen God, well God) rituals, in addition to worship ancestors the activities, but also by people infected. This activity comes from the ancient Nuo (avoid the outbreak of the ancient ceremony of exorcism.) One way to prehistoric times, the exorcism of medical treatment illness. The activities of the twelfth lunar month as the witchcraft epidemic of custom drum drive, this and other areas in Hunan is still retained Xinhua. Later evolved into a commemoration of the Buddha Sakyamuni Road religious holiday. Xia said the December date, Ka-ping, Shang was clear Si, Zhou as big wax; due to be held in December, it said the month is the twelfth lunar month, known as La La at the festival that day. Pre wax at the third after the winter solstice Xu day fixed in the twelfth lunar month before the Northern and Southern started eighth day.

腊八节原自古代欢庆丰收、感谢祖先和神灵(包括门神、户神、宅神、灶神、井神)的祭祀仪式,除祭祖敬神的活动外,人们还要逐疫。这项活动来源于古代的傩(古代驱鬼避疫的仪式)。史前时代的医疗方法之一即驱鬼治疾。作为巫术活动的腊月击鼓驱疫之俗,今在湖南新化等地区仍有留存。后演化成纪念佛祖释伽牟尼成道的宗教节日。夏代称腊日为“嘉平”,商代为“清祀”,周代为“大蜡”;因在十二月举行,故称该月为腊月,称腊祭这一天为腊日。先秦的腊日在冬至后的第三个戌日,南北朝开始才固定在腊月初八。

Said the text contains: Shu at December after the winter solstice festival three hundred gods. Visible, Shu third day after the winter solstice was December day. Buddhism after the intervention of the Prince at eighth day in December changed since then Xiangyan into the vulgar.

《说文》载:“冬至后三戍日腊祭百神。”可见,冬至后第三个戍日曾是腊日。后由于佛教介入,腊日改在十二月初八,自此相沿成俗。

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