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托福听力怎么练效果最好?如何做到20+?

2018-04-28 留学监理网

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对于母语非英语的中国学子,在刷托福考试的过程中,托福听力是很多“杀托战士”们的一大弱点,托福听力怎么练效果最好呢?为什么有人闷头苦读,但托福听力分数迟迟不到20,有的同学却轻轻松松的取得托福听力25+?为什么会出现这种现状?托福考生们到底该要如何进行托福听力备考?怎么样冲刺到托福20+以上呢?

 

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在托福圈里有一句“会托福听力,得托福天下”的俗语。那托福听力怎么练效果做好?

首先,“杀托战士们”要避开托福听力的三大误区:

误区一:词汇看看认识就可以了。

具体表现:很多同学在背单词的时候仍然按照以前的方法,只是写一写甚至只是看一看就算背过了,这样最多也只能达到看到的时候认识。托福听力考试对词汇的要求可不仅是看到认识,而是要求在听到后迅速反应出词汇意思。也就是说要对词汇的正确读音非常熟悉。比如很多同学都认识solid,在看到solidify的时候也能大概猜出来,但是在听到solidify的时候,由于跟solid的重音位置不一致,导致很多同学听到这个单词的时候都是一脸懵,一写出来就恍然大悟。

纠正及提高技巧:在背托福单词的时候一定要对单词做大量反复的跟读,并且定期复习,熟悉词汇发音,强化正确读音的印象,保证基础词汇在听到后能迅速反应出来。

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误区二:精分析的时候一边对照文本一边分析。

具体表现:有些同学在做精分析的时候习惯性的一听不懂就看文本或者翻译,忽略了辨音的过程,误以为文本看懂了,对照着听一遍就可以了,没有真正做到反复听句子,分析自己词汇,辨音,句子结构,句间逻辑上的问题,所以很难有提升。

 

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纠正及提高技巧:在听的时候,不能习惯性的去看文本或者翻译,很多软件上翻译的句子都比较生硬,更容易对理解造成困扰。基础备考阶段可以选择合适自己能力的材料,从词汇,语言现象,句子结构等方面去分析句子,严格按照精分析的步骤对待材料,句子分析清楚后要进行反复跟读,注重自己听力能力的提高,慢慢积累语感。

误区三:狂刷TPO题目就可以提分。

具体表现:看到一个托福听力6分的同学给自己设立的复习计划是每天一套TPO题目,觉得题目刷的多就可以有提升。但事实往往是分数没有明显提高且越做题目信心越下降,对TPO题目产生畏难情绪。

纠正及提高技巧:在每一个备考阶段,都建议咨询老师的意见,使用符合自己能力,难度适中的材料,稳步提升听力能力,而非盲目刷题。

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其次,熟悉托福听力练习方法。

托福听力,大家比较常见的一种练习方法就是听写,这是大家比较熟悉的练习方法,也是相对来说对所有考生都行之有效的一种方法。它就是将一篇托福听力录音中的原文全部听录下来,一句一句丝毫不落,它是提高听力最有效的方法。

对于准备托福考试的考生而言,最好的听写材料是老托福的lecture。推荐part 3   的93篇文章,对于基础不同的同学,可以选择其他的适合自己水平的材料进行练习,再用老托福听力,同时辅助一些长篇的段落听写练习。

例如:Lecture 3 Art History

Narrator:Listen to part of a lecture in an Art History class. The professor   has been discussing the origins of art.

Professor

Some of the world’s oldest preserved art is the cave art of Europe, most of   it in Spain and France. And the earliest cave paintings found to date are those   of the Chauvet Cave in France discovered in 1994.

And you know, I remember when I heard about the results of the dating of the   Chauvet paintings, I said to my wife, “Can you believe these paintings are over   30,000 years old?” And my 3-year-old daughter piped up and said, “Is that older   than my great-grandmother?” That was the oldest age she knew. And you know, come   to think of it. It’s pretty hard for me to really understand how long 30,000   years is too. I mean, we tend to think that people who lived at that time must   have been pretty primitive. But I’m gonna show you some slides in a few minutes   and I think you will agree with me that this art is anything but primitive. They   are masterpieces. And they look so real, so alive that it’s very hard to imagine   that they are so very old.

Now, not everyone agrees on exactly how old. A number of the Chauvet   paintings have been dated by a lab to 30,000 or more years ago. That would make   them not just older than any other cave art, but about twice as old as the art   in the caves at Altamira or Lascaux, which you may have heard of. Some people   find it hard to believe Chauvet is so much older than Altamira and Lascaux, and   they noted that only one lab did the dating for Chauvet, without independent   confirmation from any other lab. But be that as it may, whatever the exact date,   whether it’s 15,000, 20,000 or 30,000 years ago, the Chauvet paintings are from   the dawn of art. So they are a good place to start our discussion of cave   painting.

Now, one thing you’ve got to remember is the context of these paintings.   Paleolithic humans - that’s the period we are talking about here, the   Paleolithic, the early stone age, not too long after humans first arrived in   Europe - the climate was significantly colder then, and so rock shelters,   shallow caves were valued as homes protected from the wind and rain. And in some   cases at least, artists drew on the walls of their homes.

But many of the truly great cave art sites like Chauvet were never inhabited.   These paintings were made deep inside a dark cave, where no natural light can   penetrate. There’s no evidence of people ever living here. Cave bears, yes, but   not humans. You would have had to make a special trip into the cave to make the   paintings, and a special trip to go see it. And each time you’d have to bring   along torches to light your way. And people did go see the art. There’s charcoal   marks from their torches on the cave walls clearly dating from thousands of   years after the paintings were made. So we can tell people went there. They came   but they didn’t stay. Deep inside a cave like that is not really a place you’d   want to stay, so, why? What inspired the Paleolithic artists to make such   beautiful art in such inaccessible places? We’ll never really know of course,   though it’s interesting to speculate.

But, um, getting to the paintings themselves, virtually all Paleolithic cave   art represents animals, and Chauvet is no exception. The artists were highly   skilled at using, or even enhancing, the natural shape of the cave walls to give   depth and perspectives to their drawings, the sense of motion and vitality in   these animals. Well, wait till I show you the slides. Anyway, most Paleolithic   cave art depicts large herbivores. Horses are most common overall with deer and   bison pretty common too, probably animals they hunted.

But earlier at Chauvet, there is a significant interest in large dangerous   animals, lots of rhinoceros, lions, mammoth, bears. Remember that the ranges of   many animal species were different back then, so all these animals actually   lived in the region at that time.

But the Chauvet artists didn’t paint people. There is a half-man-half-bison   creature and there is outlines of human hands but no depiction of a full   human.

So, why these precise animals? Why not birds, fish, snakes? Was it for their   religion, magic or sheer beauty? We don’t know. But whatever it was, it was   worth it to them to spend hours deep inside a cave with just a torch between   them and utter darkness. So, on that note, let’s dim the lights, so we can see   these slides and actually look at the techniques they used.

最后,练习听力,对于任何一种英语考试来说,都少不了精听这一环节。真正有效的托福听力精听技巧步骤:

1、一边听一边看听力材料原文,划出自己不认识或似曾相识但反应不过来的词;录音结束,开始查生词,写在原文的旁边,只要写出这个单词在这篇文章中的意思即可;

2、然后将这篇材料当阅读文章快速精读一遍,彻底看懂;再一边看原文,一边放录音,嘴上要跟读,反复几遍,一直听到可以不看原文彻底听懂为止。如大家比较常用的SSS(Scientific   American’s Sixty-second Science),非常短,但信息量很大,是很好的练习材料。

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任何关于托福听力学习技巧问题,比如高效学习托福听力的方法、托福听力怎么练效果最好?、美国大学托福成绩要求?哪个托福培训机构好?等等问题,大家都可以在线咨询或持续访问该栏目的其它相关文章。

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